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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 16(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-12发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

acquiescent

adj. accepting silently or without protest 默认的

Ellen's acquiescent approval of her husband's ideas stemmed from her fear that he would beat her.

爱伦默默地同意她丈夫的意见,是因为害怕他会打她。

* stem from

源自于……

Synonym

同义词:submissive; obedient; yielding

amputate

v. to cut off 切断

Despite the soldier's pathetic pleas, the doctors were forced to amputate his leg.

尽管士兵悲凄地请求,医生还是不得不截断他的腿。

approbation

n. approval; sanction 许可;批准

Mayor Dare's approbation of the new building for the library helped the city gain the funds needed for construction.

戴尔市长批准建造图书馆的新大楼,有助于市政府获得建造所需的资金。

Synonym

同义词:assent; ratification

Antonym

反义词:disapproval; disfavor

compunction

n. feeling of regret 良心的责备;懊悔

Terrance robbed house after house, feeling no compunction for his actions.

泰伦斯一家接一家地抢劫,对他的行为一点也不感到懊悔。

Synonym

同义词:penitence; remorse; contrition; repentance

computation

n. reckoning 计算

The computation of all this data by hand will take much more time than if we use electronic equipment.

这些资料用手来计算,会比使用电子设备所花的时间多得多。

Synonym

同义词:calculation; figuring

disputatious

adj fond of arguing 好争论的

As a lawyer, Greg has the opportunity to exercise his disputatious tendencies.

身为律师,格雷格有机会发挥他好争论的特性。

Synonym

同义词:contentious; argumentative

Antonym

反义词:amiable; obliging

expunge

v. to rub out; to remove 删掉;除去

After learning of the police investigation, the accountant expunged his books of any reference to the diamond purchases.

得知警方正在调査,会计师将和购买钻石有关的帐册全部销毁。

* book

账册

Synonym

同义词:erase

expurgate

v. to take out something considered improper 删除

 

n. expurgation

The publisher was forced by public demand to expurgate several passage from the author's latest novel.

由于大众要求,出版商被迫删除作家最新的小说中的几个段落。

 

 

Synonym

同义词:bowdlerize; censor

imputation

n. accusation of something wrong 责难

 

v. impute

Hector's imputation of the government's illegal detention of refugees was completely ignored.

赫克特指责政府非法拘留难民,但完全被忽略。

* detention

拘留

Synonym

同义词:censure; reproach; condemnation

Antonym

反义词:compliment

inquisitive

adj. questioning; curious 好问的;好奇的

During astronaut Sally Ride's visit to the elementary school, she encouraged the children to be inquisitive about science.

太空人莎莉·赖德访问小学时,鼓励小朋友对于科学要常发问。

perquisite

n. profit given in addition to regular salary (亦作perk)工资以外的额外补贴

Rachel was eager to take a job with such generous perquisites.

蕾秋渴望获得额外补贴如此丰厚的工作。

probity

n. honesty; integrity 正直;廉洁

Jason's probity is unquestionable and qualifies him to decide which one of us deserves the money.

杰森的正直无庸置疑,他有资格来决定我们之中哪一个应该得到那笔钱。

Synonym

同义词:uprightness

Antonym

反义词:corruption

psychiatrist

n. doctor trained in the study and treatment of mental disease 精神科医师;精神病学家

One of the most famous and influential modem psychiatrists was Dr Sigmund Freud.

近代最有名、而且最具影响力的精神病学家是佛洛伊德博士。

psychopathic

n. of or suffering from mental disease 精神病的

A psychopathic murderer was terrorizing the city, stalking unsuspecting victims with an electric drill.

一个患有精神病的凶手,带着电钻跟踪毫不起疑的被害人,使全市陷入恐慌。

* stalk

悄悄跟踪

* electric drill

电钻

psychosis

n. abnormal or diseased mental state 精神异常

The young man's psychosis was blamed on years of sexual abuse.

那个年轻人精神异常,应归咎于多年来遭受的性虐待。

* be blamed on

归咎于

puncture

n. small hole made by something sharp 孔;洞

 

v. puncture

A small puncture in the roof of our tent made by a branch eventually developed into a gaping hole.

我们帐篷顶上被树枝弄破的小洞,最后变成一个大洞。

* eventually

最后

* gaping

裂开的

pungent

adj. 1. sharp 辛辣的 2. biting 刻薄的

As we approached the hot springs, we knew we were very close because of the pungent smell of sulfur in the air.

当我们接近温泉时,我们知道快到了,因为空气中弥漫着辛辣的硫磺味。

* sulfur

硫磺

Synonym

同义词:1.piquant 2.acrimonious; caustic

Antonym

反义词:bland

purgatory

n. place where souls are purified 炼狱

The idea of purgatory is found in the Roman Catholic belief system.

炼狱的概念存在于罗马天主教的信仰体系中。

putative

adj. supposed 假定的;一般认为的

This custom has its putative origins in the ancient Greek tradition of belief in oracles.

一般都认为,这个习俗的起源,是古希腊人信仰神论的传统。

* oracle

神论

Synonym

同义词:assumend; presumptive

Antonym

反义词:certain; ascertained

quiescent

adj. quiet; motionless 安静的;不活动的

The regime used terror campaigns to quell rebellion and to make the masses quiescent.

该政权使用恐怖手段来镇压暴动,并使一般大众沉默。

* regime

政权

* quell

镇压

Synonym

同义词:placid; dormant

Antonym

反义词:restless

quietude

n. silence; tranquility 安静;镇静

Abby likes to retreat to the quietude of her personal study when she has a difficult problem to think over.

当艾比有难题必须思考时,她喜欢躲进自己安静的书房里。

* retreat

退隐

reprobate

n. person of bad character 无赖汉

Jimmy is gradually being corrupted by those reprobates he hangs around with in the pool hall.

吉米因为在撞球场和那些无赖汉一起闲混,而渐渐堕落了。

* hang around

闲待着

* pool

撞球

Synonym

同义词:villain; rascal; scoundrel

reprove

v. to scold 责骂

 

n. reproof

The priest reproved the people for not attending church services.

牧师责骂那些人不上教堂做礼拜。

Synonym

同义词:chide; reprimand; rebuke

Antonym

反义词:compliment; praise

requisite

n. something needed 必需品;要件

Good endurance is a requisite if you wish to join our group for a two-week hiking and camping expedition.

如果你希望加入我们为期两周的徒步旅行和露营探险,非凡的耐力是必要的条件。

* expedition

探险;探险队

Synonym

同义词:necessity; requirement; must

sequester

v. 1. to withdraw to a quiet place 退隐 2. to keep away from other people 将……隔离

The judge sequestered the jury during the trial to prevent them from being influenced by the media coverage of the trial.

在审判期间,为避免受媒体报导的影响,法官将陪审团隔离起来。

* coverage

报道

Synonym

同义词:1. seclude; retire 2. isolate; seclude

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